08.06.2019 0 0
Описание презентации по отдельным слайдам:
History of Great Britain: Medieval period; the battle of Hastings; the War of Roses By Ekaterina Pikheta
The Medieval Period (1066-1485) When England emerged from the collapse of the Roman Empire, the economy was in tatters and many of the towns abandoned. In the 8th and 9th centuries England faced fierce Viking attacks, and the fighting lasted for many decades, eventually establishing Wessex as the most powerful kingdom and promoting the growth of an English identity. By the 1060s England was a powerful, centralized state with a strong military and successful economy.
“North Men” The Normans, or “North Men,” were descendants of the Vikings who had invaded the coast of France in the 9th Century.
Norman conquest of England Battle of Hastings The most important battle of English history took place in 1066 near Hastings. William of Normandy defeated Saxon army. He went down in history as William the Conqueror. Norman invasion brought Britain into the mainstream of western European culture. Unlike the Germanic invasions it was small-scale: there was no such thing as a Norman village or settlement. Instead the Norman soldiers were given the ownership of land and of the people living on it.
Wars of the Roses, (1455–85), in English history, the series of dynastic civil wars whose violence and civil strife preceded the strong government of the Tudors. Fought between the Houses of Lancaster and York for the English throne, the wars were named many years afterward from the supposed badges of the contending parties: the white rose of York and the red of Lancaster. Margaret of Anjou
Although minor armed clashes had occurred previously between supporters of York and Lancaster, the first open fighting broke out in 1455 at the First Battle of St Albans. Several prominent Lancastrians died at the hands of the Yorkists. Although peace was temporarily restored, the Lancastrians were inspired by Margaret of Anjou to contest York's influence, and a deadly feud between the two branches of the royal family ensued.
Historians debate the extent of impact the wars had on medieval English life. The classical view is that the many casualties among the nobility continued the changes in feudal English society caused by the effects of the Black Death. These included a weakening of the feudal power of the nobles and an increase in the power of the merchant classes, and the growth of a centralized monarchy under the Tudors. The wars heralded the end of the medieval period in England and the movement towards the Renaissance. Henry VII Tudor of England Tudor rose
The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union rose) is the traditional floral heraldic emblem of England and takes its name and origins from the House of Tudor, which united the House of York and House of Lancaster.
|Включите уведомления прямо сейчас и мы сразу сообщим Вам о важных новостях. Не волнуйтесь, мы будем отправлять только самое главное.|